Office of Responsible Research


Does your project need IRB review?

IRB approval is required if your human subject research consist of the following criteria.

Institutional Review Board (IRB)

The Institutional Review Board (IRB) is a committee mandated by federal law to protect the rights and welfare of human subjects participating in research activities. The law is specific to research conducted or supported by a federal department or agency. However, a majority of research institutions, including Baldwin Wallace University, voluntarily apply this regulation (45 CFR 46) to all research conducted at their site, regardless of status or source of funding. The IRB achieves its primary function, protecting the rights and welfare of subjects participating in research including their rights to give informed consent and to have their safety protected from undue risk, by educating researchers. An educated investigator makes the IRB's job easier.

Types of IRB Reviews

In accordance with Department of Health and Human Services regulations, Baldwin Wallace University recognizes three categories of review for research involving human participants: Exempt, Expedited and Full. It is anticipated that most research activities carried out at BW will fall under the exempt and expedited review categories in that they involve relatively low-risk procedures. To determine which category applies to your research please use the decision charts provided by the Department of Health and Human Services.

IRB Members

According to federal regulations IRBs shall consist of at least five members with distinctive backgrounds in order to ensure adequate review of the breadth of research projects conducted at the institution. The members of the IRB should be diverse in terms of race, gender, cultural backgrounds, and sensitivity to community attitudes. No IRB may consist entirely of one gender or profession. Each IRB must include a nonscientist and a person not otherwise affiliated with the institution. At its discretion, an IRB may invite individuals with expertise to assist in the review of proposed research, although these invited experts may not vote with the IRB.

Share |